Revolutions of 1848

Gemälde der Barrikadenschlacht von Soufflot in der Rue Soufflot am 24. Juni 1848.

The Revolutions of 1848, known in some countries as the Spring of Nations, People’s Spring or the Year of the Revolution, were a series of political upheavals across Europe in 1848.

1883 eruption of Krakatoa

Eine Lithographie von 1888 über den Ausbruch von Krakatoa 1883.

The eruption of Krakatoa in 1883 was a cataclysmic volcanic eruption in the Dutch East Indies that changed the face of the archipelago where Krakatoa, a gray volcano in the Pacific Ring of Fire, is located in the Sunda Strait between Sumatra and Java.

Sputnik 1

Eine Nachbildung von Sputnik 1, dem ersten künstlichen Satelliten der Welt, der in den Weltraum gebracht wurde: Die Nachbildung wird im National Air and Space Museum aufbewahrt.

Sputnik-1, initially baptized Iskusstvenni Sputnik Zemli and then spelled Esputinique-1, was the first artificial satellite, that is, the first object put into orbit around a celestial body, in this case the Earth.

Second Barbary War

Decataur vor Algier.

The Second Berber War, also known in historiography as the Algerian War, was the second of two armed conflicts that occurred in the early 19th century between the United States and the nominally subordinate North African city-states of the Ottoman Empire: Algiers, Tripoli, and Tunis, generally referred to as the Berber States.

Golden Bull of 1356

Close-up of the Trier copy of the Golden Bull in the Hauptstaatsarchiv Stuttgart.

The Golden Bull is an imperial code written in document form that was the most important of the “fundamental laws” of the Holy Roman Empire from 1356 onward.

Portuguese–Mamluk naval war

Karte mit verschiedenen portugiesischen Gebieten im Indischen Ozean zu Beginn des 16. Jahrhunderts.

The luso-mamluk naval war was a naval conflict between the Mamluk Sultanate of Egypt and the Portuguese Empire in the Indian Ocean, provoked by the lusitanian expansion in India following the definition of the route to the Subcontinent through the Cape of Good Hope in 1498.

Great Frost of 1709

Le lagon gelé en 1709, von Gabriele Bella, Teil einer Lagune, die 1709 zugefroren ist, Venedig, Italien.

The winter of 1709, called the great winter of 1709, was an episode of intense cold in Europe, which left a lasting mark on people’s minds because it caused a subsistence crisis that led to a famine.